Nephrocardiology: An Emerging Field in Medicine
The interconnection between nephrology and cardiovascular medicine (CVM) is extensive, common, clinically important, and is beyond cardiorenal syndrome and the cardiovascular complications of CKD. Many other topics of nephrocardiology are equally important but are frequently overlooked. "Nephrocardiology" is the interconnection between nephrology and CVM from nine different aspects of pathophysiology, epidemiology, prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, risk factors, monitoring, therapy, and systemic diseases that involve both organ systems. This early program explores nephrocardiology, with an emphasis on its practical aspects. Adequate exposure to those common and clinically important topics is necessary for optimal patient care by nephrologists and other relevant professionals.