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Kidney Week

Abstract: TH-PO1093

A Cascade of Care for Urinary Stone Disease (USD)

Session Information

Category: Mineral Disease

  • 1204 Mineral Disease: Nephrolithiasis


  • Mehta, Mansi, NYU Medical Center , New York , New York, United States
  • Goldfarb, David S., NYU Medical Center , New York , New York, United States

USD is a preventable disease characterized by significant risk of recurrence. A "cascade of care" shows how many patients are lost to follow-up at diagnosis, referral, and treatment and is a useful tool in delivering HIV care. We can analyze our success, or failure, in the secondary prevention of kidney stones and retention of patients by constructing a cascade of care.


We abstracted data from observational studies to identify impediments to care of patients with USD


In the US there are about 1.2 million ER visits per year. 37% of patients diagnosed with stones receive a follow-up consultation with a urologist and fewer see a nephrologist. Although 24h urine collection results may decrease stone recurrence rate, only 7.4% do them. 50% of patients experience a recurrent 2nd episode within 5 years. Of these 24% undergo a complete evaluation, 18% are referred to a nephrologist and 13.8% are prescribed medical therapy. 30% remain adherent to this pharmacotherapy. Of patients that are adherent 27% have lower odds of an ER visit than non-adherent patients.
The cascade of care demonstrates that a low prevalence of patients receive proper follow-up. The impediments to the care of patients with kidney stones are (1) the unrecognized comorbidities of stones (2) disconnect between the ER and stone experts and (3) the low prevalence of 24h urine collections and prescribed medical therapy.


It is important to identify loci in the cascade of care that could represent opportunities to change practice. Prescription of appropriate fluid therapy and dietary changes and a referral to an expert should 1st be initiated by the ER. The low prevalence of 24h urine collections may reflect that the data are intimidating for some. Empiric therapy for calcium stones with fluids, diet, thiazides and potassium citrate may be a rational therapy to achieve significant supersaturation reductions and could be compared with targeted medical therapy in a randomized controlled trial. A greater effort needs to be devoted to develp a comprehensive flow of participants to retain patients in the cascade of care for USD.