Abstract: SA-PO1107

Dietary Sodium-Induced Changes in the Microcirculatory System of the Skin Are Associated with Blood Pressure Response in Healthy Males

Session Information

  • Salt and Hypertension
    November 04, 2017 | Location: Hall H, Morial Convention Center
    Abstract Time: 10:00 AM - 10:00 AM

Category: Hypertension

  • 1104 Hypertension: Clinical and Translational - Salt and Hypertension

Authors

  • Wenstedt, Eliane F.E., Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Olde Engberink, Rik Hg, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Rorije, Nienke M.G., Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Van den born, Bert-jan, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Aten, Jan, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Vogt, Liffert, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Background

Studies indicate that not only the kidney but also the skin microcirculation might be pivotal for a sodium-sensitive blood pressure (BP) response. While high sodium diet (HSD) is associated with reduced density of blood capillaries, animal studies showed an increment of skin lymphatic capillaries in both amount and size. We investigated sodium-induced changes in both lymphatic and blood skin microcirculation of healthy males in relation to blood pressure (BP).

Methods

We performed a randomized crossover study in healthy males. All subjects pursued an 8-day low sodium diet (LSD: <50 mmol Na+/day) and HSD (>200 mmol Na+/day). Diet order was randomized and time in-between diets was 1-2 weeks. After each diet, BP measurements and skin biopsies were obtained. Endothelia of blood (CD31) and lymphatic capillaries (D2-40) were identified through immunohistochemistry.

Results

Overall (n=12, mean age 22 years), there was no BP increase after HSD vs. LSD (mean arterial pressure (SD): 78 (5) vs. 78 (5), p=0.66). HSD increased lymphatic cross sectional surface area (p=0.01). No differences in lymphatic or blood capillary density were observed. There was a correlation between lymphatic and blood capillary density after LSD but not after HSD (fig 1a). Differences in mean arterial pressure between LSD and HSD correlated with changes in blood capillary density (fig 1b), but not with lymphatic capillary density or cross sectional surface area.

Conclusion

HSD is associated with skin lymphangiogenesis and a loss of correlation between the lymphatic and blood microcirculation. Blood microcirculatory changes correlate with BP response, possibly playing a role in sodium-sensitive hypertension development.