Abstract: TH-PO988

Prescription Opioid before and after Kidney Transplant

Session Information

Category: Transplantation

  • 1702 Transplantation: Clinical and Translational


  • Lam, Ngan, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Schnitzler, Mark, Saint Louis Univ, St Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Lentine, Krista L., Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Zhang, Zidong, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Segev, Dorry L., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • Dharnidharka, Vikas R., Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Hess, Gregory P., LDI University of Pennsylvania/IMS, Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania, United States
  • Devraj, Radhika, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois, United States
  • Kasiske, Bertram L., Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
  • Brennan, Daniel C., Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States

An evolving body of literature suggests the epidemic of prescription opioid use has impacted the transplant population.


We examined a novel database wherein national U.S. transplant registry identifiers were linked to records from a large pharmaceutical claims warehouse (2008 to 2015) to characterize antidepressant use before and after kidney transplantation, and associations (adjusted hazard ratio, 95% LCLaHR95% UCL) with death and graft failure.


Among 75,430 eligible patients, 43.1% filled opioids in the year before kidney transplantation, and use was more common among recipients who were women, white, unemployed, publicly insured, and those with longer pre-transplant dialysis. The majority of recipients (60%) with the highest level of pre-transplant opioid use continued high-level usage post-transplant. Pre-transplant opioid use bore graded associations with 1-year post-transplant outcomes, with the highest level use predicting 45% increased risk of death (aHR 1.281.451.66) and 28% increased risk of all-cause graft failure (aHR High-level opioid use in the first year after transplant was associated with twice the risk of death (aHR 1.932.242.60) and 68% higher risk of all-cause graft failure (aHR 1.501.681.89) over the subsequent year.


While associations may, in part, reflect underlying conditions or behaviors, opioid use history appears relevant in assessing and providing care to transplant candidates and recipients.

Figure. Adjusted associations of Level 1-4 prescription opioid use before and after transplant and death and graft failure (referent=no use). Abbreviations: ACGF, all-cause graft failure; CI, confidence interval; DCGF, death-censored graft failure.


  • NIDDK Support