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Abstract: FR-PO719

Correspondence of Low Wall Shear Stress and Cephalic Arch Stenosis in Brachiocephalic Arteriovenous Fistula Access

Session Information

Category: Dialysis

  • 704 Dialysis: Vascular Access


  • Hammes, Mary S., University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • Cassel, Kevin, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • Funaki, Brian, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • Coe, Fredric L., University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States

An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the optimal access for hemodialysis. A brachiocephalic fistula (BCF) is often placed, but cephalic arch stenosis (CAS) commonly develops leading to failure.We hypothesized that a contribution to AVF failure is low wall shear stress (WSS) (less than 0.076 Pa), resulting in neointimal hyperplasia and venous stenosis.The aim of this study was to determine the correspondence of low WSS and the development of CAS in a large cohort followed longitudinally.


39 subjects with ESRD and a primary BCF were followed from time of placement for three years or until the time of CAS.A venogram, Doppler, and blood viscosity were performed at time of AVF maturation (3 months),then annually up to three years or to time of CAS. Geometric measurements of venous diameter, radius of curvature, and arch angle were made.Computational modeling determined the location and percent low WSS in the arch.The relationship between WSS at three months and location of CAS was estimated by correlating computational modeling and quadrant location of CAS.Correspondence was examined using Chi-square.


32 subjects developed CAS by three years as shown by dots in the Figure.Of these, 25 subjects (red dots) displayed correspondence between low WSS at three months and CAS,whereas 7 subjects did not (blue dots) (p=0.0015) .Most subjects with correspondence had low WSS areas evident in greater than 20% of the arch (p=0.0006).Venous diameter,radius of curvature and arch angle at three months did not predict CAS(p>0.05).


The presence and magnitude of low WSS in the cephalic arch is a factor associated with the development of CAS. Determination and attenuation of low WSS at 3 months may help to prevent the development of CAS which is difficult to treat once it develops.


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