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Kidney Week

Abstract: FR-PO266

Evaluation of CKD Symptom Management Algorithms and Patient Information Sheets in Two Kidney Care Clinics

Session Information

Category: CKD (Non-Dialysis)

  • 1902 CKD (Non-Dialysis): Clinical, Outcomes, and Trials

Authors

  • Vashisht, Puneet, Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • Marin, Judith G., Providence Health, North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • Zalunardo, Nadia Y., Gordon & Leslie Diamond Health Care Ctr., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • Beaulieu, Monica C., University of British Columbia, North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • Wu, Hilary, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Background

As renal function declines, symptoms related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) become more prevalent and impact quality of life. To address symptom management systematically in patients with eGFR < 15 mL/min not on dialysis, the British Columbia Provincial Renal Agency (BCPRA) developed 8 symptom management algorithms and patient information sheets. The objectives of this project are to assess patients’ symptom burden before and after implementation of these tools and to assess patient and staff satisfaction.

Methods

We conducted a prospective quantitative and qualitative study at 2 Kidney Care Clinics (KCCs). Five patients who were followed with the symptom management algorithms for nausea, low appetite, pruritis, and fatigue/insomnia were interviewed to assess satisfaction with care received via the algorithms and patient information sheets. Symptom burden was assessed pre and post algorithm use using a validated symptom assessment tool (Edmonton Symptoms Assessment Score (ESAS)). Next, focus groups with renal nurses (RNs) and renal dieticians (RDs) were conducted to assess provider satisfaction with the tools.

Results

Following assessment of 5 patients, ESAS score improved for 4 patients after a mean (SD) follow up of 80 (13) days. Patients reported that recommendations provided were somewhat helpful for symptom and quality of life improvement and that the patient information sheets were helpful and easy to use. Of the 13 RNs and RDs in the focus groups, 12/13 were satisfied or very satisfied with the algorithms and 13/13 were satisfied or very satisfied with the patient information sheets. Major themes identified by patients and providers included their satisfaction with the ability to improve standardized care, patient education, patient-centered care, accountability, and follow-up.

Conclusion

Following implementation of BCPRA symptom management algorithms, we were able to show a reduction in symptoms for patients with a GFR < 15 mL/min not on dialysis using validated symptom management tools. Patients and providers found the information sheets/algorithms helpful and easy to use.