ASN's Mission

To create a world without kidney diseases, the ASN Alliance for Kidney Health elevates care by educating and informing, driving breakthroughs and innovation, and advocating for policies that create transformative changes in kidney medicine throughout the world.

learn more

Contact ASN

1401 H St, NW, Ste 900, Washington, DC 20005

email@asn-online.org

202-640-4660

The Latest on Twitter

Kidney Week

Abstract: SA-PO555

Clinical and Diagnostic Utility of Genomic Sequencing for Children With Microscopic Haematuria in a Kidney Genomics Clinic

Session Information

  • Genetic Diseases: Diagnosis
    November 05, 2022 | Location: Exhibit Hall, Orange County Convention Center‚ West Building
    Abstract Time: 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Category: Genetic Diseases of the Kidneys

  • 1102 Genetic Diseases of the Kidneys: Non-Cystic

Authors

  • Shanks, Josiah, Department of Nephrology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • Quinlan, Catherine, Department of Nephrology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Background

Microscopic haematuria (MH) in children is associated with the risk of progression to chronic kidney disease. Genetic disease including Alport syndrome is an important potential aetiology.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients referred to a Kidney Genomics Clinic (KGC) with MH from 2016 to 2021; this period covers both pre- and post-government funded genomic sequencing for MH. Data were collected including demographics, investigations and diagnosis prior to referral, tests undertaken by the clinic, and the diagnostic and clinical utility of these genetic tests.

Results

Sixty patients were referred to the KGC with MH over a six-year period. Mean age at referral was 8.8 years and most (73%) were referred for diagnosis of an undifferentiated disease. At time of review, 10 (17%) patients’ genetic results were outstanding. Of those with results, 26 (52%) received a genetic diagnosis for their haematuria. The most common diagnosis was X-linked Alport Syndrome (12/26, 46%), followed by Autosomal Dominant Alport Syndrome (10/26, 38%), and two cases each of Autosomal Recessive Alport Syndrome and Dent’s disease. 11/50 (22%) had a variant of uncertain significance (VUS) in a phenotypically concordant gene.
The diagnostic yield dropped from 74% to 36% after the introduction of government-funded genomic sequencing for paediatric MH. The average degree of haematuria and proteinuria also decreased after the introduction of government-funding for genomic sequencing suggesting the bar for testing has been lowered. We found a higher diagnostic yield of 54% amongst male patients compared to 28% amongst female patients, despite females being affected twice as often by X-linked disease than males.

Conclusion

Our KGC review highlights the substantial clinical utility of genetic analysis for microscopic haematuria in paediatric patients and the important role that government-funded genomic sequencing can play in providing equitable and early access to gold standard testing. The testing is non-invasive and has a high diagnostic yield. A multidisciplinary team including appropriate genetic counselling can help ensure these patients are followed up meaningfully.