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Abstract: PO1044

Association of All-Cause Mortality with Pre-Hemodialysis Pulse Pressure in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

Session Information

Category: Dialysis

  • 701 Dialysis: Hemodialysis and Frequent Dialysis


  • Zhang, Hanjie, Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, United States
  • Cherif, Alhaji, Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, United States
  • Kotanko, Peter, Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, United States

Pulse pressure (PP) reports cardiac and vascular conditions, where high PP values are associated with atrial fibrillation, aortic insufficiency, arterial stiffness, low PP values may be associated with aortic valve stenosis, cardiac insufficiency. However, the association of pre-hemodialysis (pre-HD) PP with mortality among hemodialysis patients is not well understood. In this study, we aim to explore the extent to which PP is associated with mortality.


We analyzed pre-HD PP (calculated as pre-HD SBP minus pre-HD DBP) between 1/2001 and 12/2012 in hemodialysis patients treated in U.S. Fresenius Medical Care facilities. A 3-months baseline period was defined as months 4 to 6 after hemodialysis initiation, all-cause mortality was noted during follow-up. Only patients who survived baseline were included. Censoring events were renal transplantation, modality change, or study end. We built Cox proportional hazards models with spline terms, allowing us to model nonlinear effects of pre-HD PP as a continuous variable and its relationship with all-cause mortality.


We included 152,625 patients. Mean age was 60.8 years, 59% were white and 56% were male. During a median follow-up of 26.0 months 40.4% patients died. We found that for patients with pre-HD PP between 49.2 mmHg and 74.7 mmHg, were associated with better survival. In contrast, a PP below 49.2 mmHg and above 74.7 mmHg were associated with higher mortality. Similar nonlinear effects are seen in SBP for a given pre-HD PP value (see Fig. 1).
Figure 1: Association between pre-HD pulse pressure and all-cause mortality. HRs (solid line) and 95% CIs (dashed lines) of pre-HD pulse pressure. The tick marks on the x-axis represents individual patients.


The association of pre-HD PP with mortality is nonlinear, a better understanding will provide further insights into disentangling the associated mediators affecting its dynamics. Our findings may aid risk stratification.


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