<i>CLVS1 H310Y</i> Is a Novel Cause of Familial Childhood Steroid-Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome
October 24, 2020 | 05:00 PM - 07:00 PM
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CLVS1 H310Y Is a Novel Cause of Familial Childhood Steroid-Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome
- Pediatric Nephrology and Development: Research Abstracts
October 24, 2020 | Location: Simulive
Abstract Time: 05:00 PM - 07:00 PM
Category: Pediatric Nephrology
- 1700 Pediatric Nephrology
- Lane, Brandon M., Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States
- Chryst-Stangl, Megan, Duke Molecular Physiology Institute, Durham, North Carolina, United States
- Wu, Guanghong, Duke Molecular Physiology Institute, Durham, North Carolina, United States
- Shalaby, Mohamed Ahmed, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
- El desoky, Sherif Mohamed, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
- Kari, Jameela Abdulaziz, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
- Gbadegesin, Rasheed A., Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States
Brandon M. Lane, PhD
While pursing my undergraduate degree at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, I became enamored with genetic research through multiple research opportunities at the university, as well as summer research internships at Johns Hopkins Institute of Genetic Medicine. After receiving my PhD in Human and Molecular Genetics from Virginia Commonwealth University in 2012, I pursued gene therapy in the treatment of glaucoma at UNC Chapel Hill before joining the lab of Rasheed Gbadegesin at Duke University in 2015 as a postdoctoral associate. The focus of our research is identifying the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying pediatric kidney disease with the goal of improving patient diagnosis and progressing to a more personalized treatment approach.
Mohamed Ahmed Shalaby,
Sherif Mohamed El desoky,
Jameela Abdulaziz Kari,
Rasheed A. Gbadegesin,
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerular disease seen in children. It is estimated that up to 30% of steroid resistant NS (SRNS) may be due to mutations in one of sixty genes reported in cohort of patients with familial or idiopathic SRNS. However, the genetic causes of the more common steroid sensitive NS (SSNS) and the molecular basis for variability in glucocorticoid response have remained elusive. Our overarching hypothesis is that single gene causes of SSNS can be identified in cohorts of sibling pairs with SSNS and identification of such genes can provide insight into the molecular basis of glucocorticoid response.
To identify single gene causes of SSNS in a cohort of patients with familial SSNS and examine the molecular basis of glucocorticoid response, we carried out whole genome sequencing in forty families with hereditary SSNS. After identifying a potential disease-causing variant, we examined the effects of loss of gene function in cultured human podocytes through the creation of lentiviral shRNA knockdown and CRISPR- Cas9 knockout cell lines as well as morpholino-based gene knockdown in zebrafish.
We identified a rare homozygous variant, CLVS1 H310Y, that segregates with disease in a consanguineous family with two affected siblings and a cousin. CLVS1 encodes clavesin1, a component of clatherin mediated endocytosis. This variant was not present in a homozygous state in >200,000 chromosomes and is predicted to be pathogenic by in silico analyses. Morpholino knockdown of the orthologous CLVS1 gene in zebrafish resulted in edema phenotypes indicative of loss of glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) integrity. This edema phenotype could be rescued with wildtype human CLVS1 mRNA but not the H310Y variant. Knockdown of CLVS1 in cultured human podocytes as well as overexpression of the H310Y variant in HEK 293 cells decreased endocytosis of fluorescently labeled dextran and increased susceptibility to apoptosis. These aberrant podocyte phenotypes could be rescued in the presence of glucocorticoid, mimicking the steroid responsive phenotype in patients bearing the CLVS1 H310Y variant.
We identified a mutation in CLVS1 as a new cause of hereditary SSNS. Our data demonstrates the requirement of functional CLVS1 in the maintenance of podocyte viability and GFB integrity.
- NIDDK Support