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Abstract: PO1973

Narrow Range of Plant-Protein Intake in the CKiD Cohort Does Not Demonstrate Changes in Estimated GFR

Session Information

Category: Pediatric Nephrology

  • 1700 Pediatric Nephrology


  • Shah, Lokesh N., Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States
  • Matheson, Matthew, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • Furth, Susan L., The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • Schwartz, George J., University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States
  • Warady, Bradley A., University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, United States
  • Wong, Cynthia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States

Vegetable or plant-based sources of protein may confer health benefits in children with progressive kidney disease. There is currently a knowledge gap in understanding the effect of different proportions of vegetable-based proteins on CKD progression in children.


The CKiD study is a multicenter, observational cohort of children with CKD. The Child Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire (HSFFQ) was used to assess dietary intake. The proportion of vegetable protein (VP%) was defined as the fraction of plant protein to total protein intake. Statistical analysis used a mixed model with random intercept and slope to determine the effect on log-transformed changes in estimated GFR.


This dataset included 2000 records on 631 subjects with a baseline eGFR from 30 to 90 mL/min/1.73m2 calculated using CKiD Creatinine–Cystatin C 2012 formula. Across all dichotomized groups of children (sex, African American race, Hispanic ethnicity, etiology of CKD, hypertension, anemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, acidosis, BMI < 95th percentile) the median VP% was 32-35% regardless of group. Longitudinal mixed model analysis did not show any effect on eGFR due to changes in VP%.


Children with chronic kidney disease obtain about a third of their protein intake from plant or vegetable-based sources. More than 90% children in the CKiD cohort had a VP% that was less than 50% of total protein intake. Due to the narrow homogeneity of dietary patterns, there was no effect on the change in eGFR with changes in VP%.


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