ASN's Mission

ASN leads the fight to prevent, treat, and cure kidney diseases throughout the world by educating health professionals and scientists, advancing research and innovation, communicating new knowledge, and advocating for the highest quality care for patients.

learn more

Contact ASN

1401 H St, NW, Ste 900, Washington, DC 20005

email@asn-online.org

202-640-4660

The Latest on Twitter

Kidney Week

Abstract: FR-PO867

Early vs. Late Start of Immunosuppressive Therapy in Membranous Nephropathy

Session Information

Category: Glomerular Diseases

  • 1203 Glomerular Diseases: Clinical, Outcomes, and Trials

Authors

  • van de Logt, Anne-Els, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Van de luijtgaarden, Moniek Wm, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Vink- van Setten, Coralien, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Svobodova, Barbora, General University Hospital, Prague, Czechia
  • Tesar, Vladimir, General University Hospital, Prague, Czechia
  • Wetzels, Jack F., Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Background

Alkylating agents improve outcome in membranous nephropathy (MN). Guidelines advise restrictive treatment. Some centers wait beyond 6-12 months before start of immunosuppressive therapy. The risk of persisting proteinuria is podocyte loss, which may cause secondary focal glomerulosclerosis. This should reduce the likelihood of complete remissions. We evaluated the safety of delayed treatment.

Methods

We used data of two centers that participated in the MN registry (mnregistry.eu). In one center (Czech Republic (CZ)) treatment is started early after kidney biopsy, whereas in the Netherlands (NL) a restrictive treatment strategy is used1. For the current analysis we included incident patients, with proteinurie of > 2 grams/24 hours, treated with immunosuppressive therapy (ISRx) and available follow-up. To allow evaluation of late treatment, we included only patients from NL with an interval of more than six months from kidney biopsy. Partial and complete remissions were defined according to KDIGO criteria.

Results

In total 155 patients were included in the analysis. Baseline information and outcomes are presented in Table 1. Alkylating agents were mainly used, cyclophosphamide in NL (81 %) and chlorambucil in CZ (60 %). Overall remission rates (partial- and complete remission) calculated from start of therapy, were not different . Most importantly, also with delayed therapy complete remissions were observed frequently (Table 1).

Conclusion

The MN registry allows comparison of treatment protocols between centers. Our data support the safety of a delayed treatment strategy.

Baseline characteristics and outcome
 NL
N=90
CZ
N=65
Mean age (years)54 ± 1356 ± 15
Gender (% males)68 (76 %)43 (66 %)
Screatinine (µmol/l)90 [75-106]93 [74-133]
UPCR (g/10 mmol)7.9 [5.9-10.9]6.6 [4.7-10.8]
Salbumine (g/l)22 [18-26]20 [16-24]
Interval biopsy till start of ISRx (months)10.9 [8.1-19.5]0.0 [0.0-0.0]
Follow-up duration (years)7.3 [3.8-11.5]2.2 [1.0-3.6]
N (%) PR after 1 year67 (74 %)48 (74 %)
N (%) CR after 1 years34 (38 %)15 (23 %)
N (%) PR after 2 years85 (94 %)48 (74 %)
N (%) CR after 2 years45 (50 %)15 (23 %)

Mean±SD, Median [IQR]

Funding

  • Government Support - Non-U.S.