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Abstract: FR-PO102

Building a Prediction Model for Postoperative AKI Using Machine Learning: The CMC-AKIX Model

Session Information

Category: Acute Kidney Injury

  • 101 AKI: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Prevention


  • Yoon, Jeeyoung, Catholic University of Korea Incheon Saint Mary's Hospital, Incheon, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Min, Ji Won, Catholic University of Korea Bucheon Saint Mary's Hospital, Bucheon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Hong, Suyeon, Uijeongbu Saint Mary's Hospital, Uijeongbu, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Ban, Tae Hyun, Catholic University of Korea Eunpyeong St Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Koh, Eun Sil, Catholic University of Korea Yeouido Saint Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Chung, Byung ha, Seoul Saint Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Kim, Yong Kyun, Catholic Univeristy of Korea Saint Vincent Hospital, Suwon, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Shin, Seok Joon, Catholic University of Korea Incheon Saint Mary's Hospital, Incheon, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Yoon, Hye Eun, Catholic University of Korea Incheon Saint Mary's Hospital, Incheon, Korea (the Republic of)

Group or Team Name

  • The Catholic University of Korea.

Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing surgeries performed under general anesthesia. There are several models that predict postoperative AKI risk, but most are single-center studies that need external validation.


In this retrospective cohort analysis, we included noncardiac surgeries performed between 2009 and 2019 at 7 university hospitals in South Korea. Postoperative AKI was defined as an increase of serum creatinine at least 1.5 times the baseline value or initiation of renal replacement therapy within 30 days of the postoperative period. We tested 6 machine learning prediction models: deep neural networks (DNN), logistic regression, decision tree, random forest, light gradient boosting machine (GBM), and naïve Bayes, and compared model performance using the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver-operating characteristic.


A total of 239,267 surgeries were included, and 7,935 postoperative AKI events (3.3%) occurred. The 6 different statistical analysis methods were run on various combinations of 40 independent preoperative predictors that we had selected. Model 1 included all variables, Model 2 included variables that had been significantly associated with postoperative AKI in previous studies, and Model 3 included variables that were found significant on multivariate analysis. Among them, Model 1 run on DNN (AUC = 0.821) and light GBM (AUC = 0.823) and Model 3 run on DNN (AUC = 0.807) demonstrated the best prediction performance.


We have developed a high-performance risk prediction system for postoperative AKI that can be easily applied using preoperative patient characteristics and laboratory data.