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Abstract: TH-PO796

Interstitial ANCA-Associated Vasculitis Associates with Severe Kidney Injury Independent of Glomerulonephritis

Session Information

Category: Pathology and Lab Medicine

  • 1800 Pathology and Lab Medicine


  • Tampe, Bjoern, Universitatsmedizin Gottingen, Gottingen, Niedersachsen, Germany

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a small vessel vasculitis affecting multiple organ systems, including the kidney. Although crescentic ANCA glomerulonephritis (GN) is a common histological finding reflecting glomerular small vessel vasculitis, it is reasonable that manifestation of AAV could also contribute to interstitial small vessel vasculitis. Therefore, we here aimed to expand our current knowledge focusing on interstitial vasculitis in ANCA GN by systematic histological scoring of vascular lesions analogous to Banff.


A total number of 49 kidney biopsies with confirmed renal involvement of AAV at the University Medical Center Göttingen were retrospectively included between 2015 till 2020. A renal pathologist evaluated all biopsies and was blinded to clinical data collection and analysis.


Since previous studies established that crescentic ANCA GN associates with severe kidney injury and acute deterioration of kidney function in AAV, we first systematically scored interstitial vasculitis in association with requirement of renal replacement therapy (RRT). Among all active and chronic tubulointerstitial lesions analogous to the Banff scoring system, the only association between severe kidney injury requiring RRT was observed for interstitial vasculitis in AAV reflected by peritubular capillaritis (ptc, p=0.0002) and arteritis (v, p=0.0069), affecting 5/49 (10.2%) and 11/49 (22.4%) of renal biopsies, respectively. Interestingly, no association between interstitial vasculitis (ptc and v correlating with severe kidney injury) and any glomerular lesion in ANCA GN (also correlating with severe kidney injury) was observed, thereby confirming that interstitial vasculitis contributes to severe kidney injury independent of ANCA GN. By contrast, short-term renal recovery from RRT was equal in both groups, suggesting a distinct association with acute decline of kidney function at disease onset.


Taken together, by using the Banff scoring system we here expand our current knowledge of renal interstitial lesions in AAV revealing peritubular capillaritis and arteritis as important histological alterations associated with severe kidney injury in a considerable subset of AAV.